Radiotherapy Treatment In India Cost All Inclusive Medical Packages

Published: 24th September 2009
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Radiotherapy In India

Radiotherapy is the use of radiation to treat cancer. The radiotherapy is targeted at the part of your body where the cancer has been found. Your care will be adapted to meet your individual needs and may differ from what is described here. So, it's important that you follow your doctor's advice.
The aim of the treatment is to destroy the cancer cells in the area being treated. Normal cells will also be affected but they are better able to repair themselves.

Why have radiotherapy?

Radiotherapy can be used to treat many different types of cancer. Radiotherapy works by attacking cells that are dividing rapidly, such as cancer cells.

It can be used for the following reasons : -

    • For some cancers that are diagnosed early (eg cancers of the skin, cervix, prostate, lungs, thyroid and brain), it may be the only treatment needed to cure the cancer. This is known as radical radiotherapy.


    • To reduce the size of some cancers before surgery. This is called neo-adjuvant treatment.


    • To make sure all the cancer cells are destroyed after surgery, and to treat local spread of the cancer (such as in the treatment of breast cancer). This is called adjuvant treatment.


    • In the emergency treatment of a cancer pressing on the spinal cord, to reduce the size of the cancer and prevent damage to the nerves.


    • In advanced cancer to slow down the progress of the disease and relieve pain and other symptoms.

Preparing for radiotherapy

Preparation for radiotherapy can take longer than the treatment. To find the exact position of the cancer, your doctor will use X-ray scans and CT (computerised tomography) scans, which give a three-dimensional picture of your internal organs.

The area to have radiotherapy is marked, sometimes by tiny tattooed dots on your skin. If the area has to be kept very still, you may need to have a mould made. For example, if your head and neck area is to be treated, you may need to wear a see-through plastic mask to make sure you keep still during the radiotherapy. If you have anaemia, you may also need to have a blood transfusion to increase the amount of oxygen your blood can carry around your body, as this may help make some cancers more sensitive to radiotherapy.

About the procedure

There are two main types of radiotherapy treatment : -

External Radiotherapy : -
External radiotherapy is where a machine is used to give a dose of energy, such as X-rays, to attack the cancer cells. There are different types of radiotherapy machines, which work in slightly different ways. For a session of radiotherapy you will be asked to sit or lie in a position that allows the energy beam to be directed accurately at the cancer. This may involve lying down while the machine rotates around you, or you may be asked to sit in a chair while the beam is directed at a cancer that is near the surface of your skin (also called superficial cancer).

Internal Radiotherapy : -
Internal radiotherapy is where the source of radioactivity is put inside your body so it can get closer to the cancer.

This can be done in two ways : -


This is when a solid source of radioactivity is put next to a tumour to give a high dose of radiotherapy. This means the effect on body tissue around the cancer is as little as possible. Brachytherapy can be used to treat cancers of the cervix, head and neck, womb (uterus), prostate gland and skin...

Radioisotope therapy

This is when a liquid radioactive source is put inside your body. A radioactive liquid (usually radioactive iodine) is given either as an injection into a vein or as a liquid you can drink. Radioisotope treatment can be used for thyroid, adrenal and bone cancers..

Duration of treatment

The length of radiotherapy treatment varies. It depends on the type of cancer, if it has spread to other areas of the body, the type of radiotherapy used, the severity of your side-effects and how successful the treatment is. A course of radiotherapy can last up to eight weeks, but usually it will be shorter than this...

Recovering from radiotherapy

After your treatment, your oncologist will arrange a follow-up appointment to check how you are recovering from any side-effects and what your response has been to the radiotherapy. This is a good opportunity to ask about any long-term side-effects that you might expect to have after your treatment.
Patient support groups can give you support and advice on recovering after radiotherapy (see Further information)...

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